Bacalao a la Vizcaina – Salt Cod in Batter
Bacalao a la Vizcaina is a delicious Spanish-style salt cod dish from the Basque region that’s popular in Mexico, Guatemala and throughout the rest of Latin America.
This dish is especially popular for Christmas, New Year’s Eve and Semana Santa, Holy Week throughout Latin America. I was reminded about this dish while wrapping up the renovations on our kitchen and Rafael the carpenter from Raywal Kitchens arrived to do the final touch-up.
He was born in El Salvador so it didn’t take too long before we got to talking about pupusas, bacalao a la vizcaina and other favourite dishes from his home country.
Our kitchen under renovation
While he hammered and sawed away in the kitchen, he shared his recipe for salt cod for Semana Santa. He called it tortita de pescado but I recognize the dish as pescado seco envuelto en huevo or bacalao a la vizcaina, a traditional dish enjoyed in Guatemala and Mexico during the week leading up to Easter Sunday.
It’s a Basque-stye dish that has its roots in northern Spain and is a must-eat during Lent when Guatemalans purchase the thin slabs of pescado seco (dried cod) in the mercados around Antigua and other towns in Guatemala. It’s also known as pescado a la vizcaina but whatever you choose to call it, it’s a delicious way to enjoy fresh or dried fish.
It’s one of the top dishes my mother-in-law in Guatemala makes before her pilgrimage to the shrine of the Black Christ at the Basilica in the town of Esquipulas Guatemala each Easter.
Travel Tip: Check out our guide to the Best Festivals and Celebrations in Guatemala and sample this dish in Guatemala.
Buying and Soaking Salt Cod for Bacalao a la Vizcaina
To be honest, the first time I made bacalao a la vizcaina, I didn’t start the process of soaking the salt cod early enough and the dish was too salty. When I visited the fish market in Punta Delgada in the Azores, I learned that it’s best to begin the process four days in advance.
During the weeks leading up to Easter, it’s possible to purchase dried salt cod at Italian, Portuguese and even supermarkets across Toronto. In our neighbourhood, the best source for salt cod is Maselli’s (906 Danforth Ave at Donlands TTC Station) a family-owned Italian grocer in our neighbourhood.
The key is choosing salt cod is to purchase a piece of fish that isn’t too thin. You don’t want to buy only the tail. Instead, look for a middle piece of the filet.
This means you need to do your salt cod shopping early as the ideal sizes will disappear quickly and you may be left with filets of salt cod as large as yoga mats. While at the Italian grocer, pick up some green olives to add to your bacalao a la vizcaina.
Ingredients for Bacalao a la Vizcaina
How to Make Bacalao a la Vizcaina
After soaking the salt cod and draining it, dry it thoroughly, prepare the batter then dip each piece of salt cod in the batter and fry it until the batter is nicely browned. While it’s browning, dice the potatoes and cook them until soft but not mushy.
Fry the battered salt cod until browned in vegetable oil over medium-high heat.
Then prepare the tomato sauce. It’s also possible to prepare the sauce for Bacalao a la Vizcaina in advance. If you’ve prepared it in advance, add it to a deep frying pan.
Then, bring it to a low simmer when you’re ready to batter the fish. Once the tomato sauce is simmering, add the cooked potatoes, olives and salt cod in batter to the sauce.
Sprinkle the finished dish with chopped fresh parsley.
Serve Bacalao a la Vizcaina immediately so the batter doesn’t soak up too much of the sauce and get soggy.
Enjoy as part of a Christmas or New Year’s Eve Menu with ponche de frutas, a hot holiday fruit punch
Tips for Making Pescado Seco Envuelto en Huevo – Salt Cod in Batter
- This version of Bacalao a la Vizcaina features battered salt cod known as pescado seco envuelto en huevo. There is another variation of Bacalao a la Vizcaina popular in Mexico, where the salt cod isn’t battered but is cooked in the sauce and shredded. Sign up for the A Taste for Travel newsletter to receive a copy of that recipe when posted.
- For best results, cut the salt cod into pieces about the size of the palm of your hand or smaller.
- The batter for pescado seco envuelto en huevo for Bacalao a la Vizcaina is the same one used to make chile rellenos so it’s worth learning.
- Once you’ve made the batter, use it immediately. If you allow it to sit, it begins to separate and loses its volume.
- 1 large piece dried salt cod
- 2 eggs
- 4 Tablespoons white flour
- 1/8 teaspoon achiote
- 5 Tablespoons vegetable oil
- 4 potatoes chopped into pieces and cooked until soft but not soggy
- 1/2 cup green pitted olives
- salt and pepper to taste
- 1 raw onion chopped
- 1 clove peeled garlic
- 2 cups fresh Roma tomatoes peeled or use canned
- 1 bay leaf
- 1/8 tsp achiote
- 1/8 tsp thyme
- handful chopped parsley
- Begin soaking the whole piece of salt cod in water three days prior to the day you want to prepare the dish
- Replace the water daily and be sure to cover the salt cod completely. I placed it in the refrigerator to soak
- Puree the onion, garlic, tomato and water in a food processor until a fine consistency
- Pour a tablespoon of oil into a large frying pan and add the tomato sauce, herbs and achiote.
- Simmer the sauce while preparing and cooking the cod
- Drain, rinse, pat dry and then cut the salt cod into pieces about 3 x 3 inches square. The sizes of the pieces will vary based on the shape of the fish
- Sprinkle the fish with two tablespoons of flour and pepper
- Separate egg whites and beat until stiff
- Beat egg yolks until creamy
- Combine egg whites, egg yolks, two tablespoons of flour, achiote and pepper, beating for a minute or two until batter is creamy
- Heat five tablespoons of oil in a frying pan until it reaches a medium high temperature
- Dip each piece of salt cod in batter and fry in oil until browned (3 minutes), then remove and allow it to drain on paper towels.
- Repeat until all the fish is cooked. Try to work quickly so the batter doesn't begin to separate.
- Place the fish in the tomato sauce and add the potatoes and olives
- Cover and heat thoroughly at a medium temperature (5-10 minutes)
- Sprinkle with parsley and serve
- You can speed up the soaking of the salt cod by using slightly warmer water.
- Once you've made the batter, use it immediately so it doesn't lose volume.
- The tomato sauce can be prepared in advance and reheated when you're ready to add the fish and olives.
Although this dish is most popular at Easter, you can enjoy it any time of the year, especially during the Christmas season.
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