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If you’re planning a trip to Guatemala, you don’t want to miss el Día del Diablo – the Day of the Devil. Not only is it one of the most important Christmas holiday traditions in Guatemala, it’s one of the world’s most exciting fire festivals.
Every year on December 7th, Guatemalans light bonfires and burn the devil in effigy.
While many celebrations take place on streets outside people’s homes, the most spectacular event is the Quema del Diablo or Burning of the Devil in the country’s former capital city of La Antigua.
How Do they Celebrate Christmas in Guatemala on Dia del Diablo?
During this special Guatemalan tradition, people douse enormous effigies with gasoline and light them on fire in the streets in a ceremony called la quema del diablo (burning of the devil).
They also light bonfires, buy devil piñatas and enjoy special día del diablo food. The fiery festivities kick off the beginning of the Christmas season in Guatemala.
It’s well worth travelling to Guatemala to experience the Burning of the Devil festival in person!
While it’s possible to experience the Quema del Diablo independently (and instructions to do so are below), the best way to get the most out of it is on a private walking tour of Antigua.
Check prices and availability of a private walking tour of Antigua on Viator.com.
History of La Quema del Diablo (Burning of the Devil) in Guatemala
Like many other major celebrations and traditions in Guatemala, the Burning of the Devil is a Guatemalan custom deeply rooted in spiritual and pre-Hispanic beliefs.
The history of el dia del diablo dates back to ancient times.
The power of fire has long been recognized by early cultures who revered the element of fire for its ability to provide warmth, to provide sustenance through cooking as well as its ability to destroy.
Fire rituals can be seen in virtually every culture and religion around the world.
From Buddhist Fire ceremonies to First Nations smoke smudging traditions to the fireworks of Valencia, the primary symbolic function of fire is one of purification, cleansing and transformation into the divine.
In Guatemala, the tradition of la quema del diablo or burning of the devil symbolizes the ritual cleansing and banishment of bad spirits to usher in the Christmas season.
It’s a process of purification leading up to a holy season filled with important religious dates and other Guatemala Christmas traditions.
- December 8th Feast Day honouring the Conception of the Virgin Mary.
- nightly posadas (processions) that take place during the nine days leading to Christmas.
- Christmas Eve or Nochebuena.
- Navidad (Christmas Day)
- Three Kings Day.
When is Día del Diablo in Guatemala?
While the Día del Diablo and the fire ceremonies, fireworks and festivities take place on December 7th, preparations begin several days in advance.
One of the places to go to fully understand this Guatemalan tradition is the village of Concepción. This picturesque Maya village is set in a fertile valley 20 minutes from Sololá, near Lake Atitlan, a major natural landmark in Guatemala.
The town’s patron saint is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and her saint day of December 8th. At the heart of Concepción is a sturdy Catholic church constructed in 1621.
It’s one of Guatemala’s few wooden churches to have survived centuries of earthquakes. It features a wooden roof carved with angels, saints and apostles.
It’s also home to an active cofradía, a Maya brotherhood who are guardians of ancient religious practices.
Many still wear their traditional embroidered clothing featuring a distinctive bat–a symbol for the last Kaqchikel dynasty–atop rainbow-hued trousers, a tunic wrap and sandals.
For the December 8th Feast Day honouring the Conception of the Virgin Mary, they lay wooden platforms through the center aisle of the church to serve as pagan altars for offerings of food, candles and other tribute.
The church brotherhood also installs a ceremonial silver candelabra and carries the Virgin in procession through the village.
It’s incredible to see the diminutive stature of the Virgin festooned with money, lottery tickets and other adornment for her saint day.
The locals also celebrate with fireworks, music and special dishes such as pulique, a chicken stew.
Tip: Learn how to prepare authentic Maya pulique in my post on Cooking Class in Guatemala: Ceremonial Chicken.
Where is the Burning of the Devil in Antigua Guatemala
In addition to being the heart of organized festivities for la Quema del Diablo in Guatemala, Antigua is also a great base for experiencing Semana Santa (Easter Holy Week) and Day of the Dead, other unique Guatemala celebrations.
Some of the other top things to do in Antigua include studying Spanish at one of the many Spanish language schools, climbing a volcano and visiting the coffee plantation dotted on the lush volcanic slopes nearby.
A good hotel for Day of the Devil is Hotel Cirilo, an art-filled boutique hotel in the quiet Candelaria neighborhood.
Although not quite as luxe ( or as pricey) as Hotel Panza Verde (read my hotel reviews in 3 Budget Hotels You’ll Love in Antigua), Hotel Cirilo offers an elegant and quiet stay away from the festivities.
The sense of tranquility is accentuated by its setting within the bougainvillea-draped ruins of a 17th century chapel.
As the sun begins to set in the evening of Dec. 7th, people make their way to Barrio de Concepcion.
In Antigua this is the epicentre of Quema del Diablo or Burning of the Devil festivities.
You know you’re in the right neighbourhood when you see this sign. Or, just follow the crowds.
It’s the opposite side of town from La Merced church.
Although other Guatemalan communities celebrate by burning tires in the streets, in the Concepcion neighborhood of Antigua, authorities are trying to keep festivities under control for safety reasons.
A papier-mâché effigy of the devil serves as a hub for a giant communal bonfire. A firetruck with firefighters is always nearby on standby.
La Quema del Diablo Food and Festivities
Much like most other Guatemala celebrations, food is a highlight of the Quema del Diablo festival. Traditional food stands are packed with street food goodies including:
- bunuelos, deep friend donuts drenched in anise-scented honey
- rompope, a spiced eggnog from Quetzaltenango,
- tortas (crusty buns stuffed with meat and crisp vegetables)
Rubbing shoulders with locals, you can watch as the 10-foot tall devils, such as the one pictured above and crafted by artist Pablo Godinez Pichiya, get soaked with an incendiary fuel.
Then, a costumed announcer will step forward. And, to the sound of a full brass band, he’ll renounce a long list of transgressions committed by politicians.
Then, a flaming torch sets the effigy of the devil on fire.
While the devil burns, flames and sparks will dance into the night sky.
Between cameras flashing and shouts from the crowd it’s a bacchanalian celebration merging Guy Fawkes Day and Halloween.
The Burning of the Devil – La Quema del Diablo – is an incredible (and unique) way to usher in the Christmas season!
Travel Planner for Burning of the Devil in Guatemala
When: December 7th at 6 pm
Where to go for Día del Diablo: Calle de la Concepcion in La Antigua, Guatemala
Tours of Guatemala: Culture Xplorers partners with local communities to offer a range of cultural tours as well as custom tours through Guatemala. Read more in my review of their tours in Luxury Latin America. My guide was Adolfo Cruz, a cultural expert and interpreter from Culture Xplorers.
Getting Around: I’ve always had a good experience with Adrenalina Tours. Read more about transportation to Guatemala in Night Bus to Guatemala.
Safety: It’s a wise idea to stay far away from the burning devil itself as sparks and glowing embers can travel if there’s any wind.
Follow our Safety Tips for Travel in Guatemala and if you need assistance, contact INGUAT, the Guatemalan Tourist Assistance office.
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Dividing her time between Canada, Guatemala and Mexico (or the nearest tropical beach), Michele Peterson is the founder of A Taste for Travel. Her award-winning travel and food writing has appeared in Lonely Planet’s cookbook Mexico: From the Source, National Geographic Traveler, Fodor’s and 100+ other publications.
Read more about Michele Peterson.